Probiotik bagi Peternakan

Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan, penambahan probiotik mempunyai dampak positif. Salah satunya menyatakan, bahwa banyaknya kandungan mikroorganisme hidup dalam usus ternak dapat memengaruhi metabolisme dalam usus, meningkatkan populasi mikroorganisme yang menguntungkan, sehingga produktivitas ternak lebih baik.

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Poultry Indonesia Printing Edition, August 2008

20 August, 2008 Uncategorized No comments

www.poultryindonesia.com. PRODUCTION of broiler day old chick (DOC) in second
quarter (Q2) of 2008 has increased 14.7% from 21.03 million per week in the
same period of 2007 to 24.13 million per week, according to data released by
ministry of agriculture. During the same period, layer DOC production has
dropped from 0.77 million per week to 0.63 million per week, an 18% decrease.

Import of broiler grandparent stocks during Q2 was also
decreasing 79,770 chicks in 2007 to 68,682 chicks in 2008. While layer
grandparent stocks importation was higher from 5,100 to 6,950 chicks within the
same period.

In parent stock sector, import of broiler has decreased
from 155,361 in 2007 to only 76,000 chicks in 2008. There was no import of
hatching eggs nor layer parent stock during Q2 both in 2007 and 2008.

 

INDONESIA has removed temporary bans on imports of beef from New Zealand and poultry from the U.S.

The cancellations came after the two countries gave
assurances their products met requirements, Tjeppy D. Soedjana, director
general of livestock at the Agriculture Ministry, said. The bans were lifted
July 11.

Days before, Indonesia
has banned imports of beef from New
Zealand from July 7 over packaging that
raised concerns the meat didn’t follow Islamic dietary requirements. Indonesia, the
world’s most populous Muslim nation, requires imported beef products to pass
Islamic halal standards for food consumption. Under the halal certification
rules for imported beef products, suppliers must print halal labels and the
labels must be in both English and Indonesian.

“Halal labels on beef products imported from New Zealand
only used stickers, while it should be printed on the package,” Soedjana said.

On the other side, imports of poultry from the U.S. were banned from July 1 after reports that
hens in Arkansas
were exposed to low-pathogen strain of avian influenza.

“Now, New
Zealand has promised to improve packaging to
follow our requirements,’’ Soedjana said. 
“The U.S.
has clarified matters regarding the outbreak control and has ensured that its
product is safe to be consumed.’’

Indonesia, which consumed a total of 396,500 tonnes of beef and beef
products last year, imported 30 percent of that from Australia,
New Zealand and Canada to
supplement local output.

 

INDONESIA may buy up to $15 million of U.S. beef this year,
the first full year of imports since a ban due to mad cow concerns was lifted
in January, said a U.S. agriculture official.

The Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture has issued four beef
import permits to U.S. firms
and 15 more are pending, Fred Kessel, the agricultural counselor for the U.S.
Department of Agriculture in Jakarta,
said.

Indonesia, Southeast Asia’s largest
economy, relies on imports to meet about a quarter of its meat consumption
needs. The country bought $17.7 million of U.S. beef in 2005 before banning
the meat from July that year, according to the USDA.

 

 

DRY maize production is expected to increase by four
million tons, or 11 percent from last year, making the country a net maize
exporter, an Indonesian agricultural ministry official said.

According to the estimation of the Central Bureau of
Statistics (BPS), this year’s dry maize production would increase by 11 percent
from last year’s 14.2 million tons, Antara news agency quoted Sutarto Alimoeso,
Director General for Food Crops at the Agriculture Ministry, as saying.

Last year, national dry maize production recorded an
increase by 3.5 million tons, which according to a BPS report increased by 14
percent compared with that a year earlier, the official said in Karawang, West Java, last month.

The director general said that prices of maize in the world
market were showing an upward trend since some nations used the commodity to
make biofuel or alternative energy to replace fuel oils.

 

GORONTALO province is well known as ‘corn province’ since
last several years. The farmers in the relatively new province grow commodity
crops, particularly corn (maize) and cocoa.

With his entrepreneurial government concept, Gorontalo
Governor Fadel Muhammad has made corn the province’s chief commodity. The
governor, provided farmers with high-yield quality corn seeds, guaranteed them
a floor price and secured a market for their output.

Now with a boom in feed and consumption, as well as in
biofuel, corn’s market price has soared.

In 2001, corn was a poor farmer’s crop and fetched only Rp
400 per kilo. Today, the market price in Gorontalo is Rp 1,850 per kilo,
according to a daily market quotation in the Gorontalo Post newspaper.

However a farmer said he could earn Rp 2,300 per kilo for
his hybrid corn when traders come to his village to buy a new yield. “We’re
grateful to Fadel for creating the conditions to make corn growing profitable
for farmers. The corn goes for export,” said Pulu, a corn farmer.

The high-yield corn seeds have boosted yields from one ton
to five tons per hectare. Gorontalo corn is exported to Malaysia and South Korea.

 

SCORES of poultry businesses in Jayapura are on the brink
of bankruptcy due to low chicken prices, high animal feed prices and
competition from other regions.

“We’ve been forced to leave our hatches empty since April
due to the poor sale prices,” said Julianti, owner of Bunga Tani poultry firm.
“We cannot make profits as the sale price is still set at Rp 23,000 (US$2.55)
each,” she said.

Chicken sales in the region are also suffering from
frequent blackouts and increasing shipments from Surabaya
in East Java, Julianti said. The price of a
50-kilogram sack of animal feed reached Rp 250,000 in January, but increased to
Rp 306,000 this month, she said.

“The problem is the animal feed price increase is not being
matched by chicken prices,” she said. Local businesses could not match the
prices of chickens transported from other islands, which sell for between Rp
25,000 and Rp 28,000 each.

The situation has been worsened by frequent blackouts
plaguing the city. “The blackouts have caused many of our DOCs (day-old
chickens) to die,” she said. “In this time of rising production costs, the sale
prices are stagnant, thereby forcing us to shut down,” Yulianti said.

If the local administration does nothing to help her
business, Yulianti said she would look to other business opportunities.

A chicken trader at Yotefa market, said she sold a maximum
of 50 chickens per day, where before she had sold six times as many. “The
distribution of the inter-island chickens is currently dominated by
supermarkets so we can not compete with them,” she said.

Jayapura-based egg farmers suffered the same fate, and now
the majority of eggs sold in the region are supplied from other islands.

 

BIRD flu experts are pushing for Balinese villages to
receive training in detection and prevention of Avian Influenza (AI) to minimize
the impact of a possible epidemic on the island.

“We must continue empowering these villagers so that they
will know what to do and how to do it if someday the disease breaks out. Quick
and measurable responses are needed as these villagers will still be the first
line of defense,” said I Gusti Ngurah Mahardika, the island’s leading AI
researcher. “Therefore, their knowledge on how to detect and prevent this
disease is a must,” the chairman of the Bali
branch of the Center for Human Resource Development and Applied Technology
(CREATE) said.

I Wayan Sukadana, head of Takmung village, said an
education campaign had helped the village understand practical measures to
combat the disease. “Before we received training, we keep underestimating the
disease, we keep saying to ourselves that it would not reach our village. But
now, we realize that we can’t afford to do that as it could destroy most of our
livelihoods,” he said.

Currently, Takmung is the home of more than 10 poultry
farmers of around 10,000 poultry. It lies in Klungkung regency, a 45-minute
drive from the island’s capital, Denpasar.

Wayan said villagers had have been told by the trainers
that wild fowls or poultry that weren’t kept in cages could be a source of the
disease. “Now we have put our 10,000 poultry in netted cages around the
village. We are also creating a local regulation that will enable local
officials to confiscate poultry that wander outside the netted cages. I hope it
will help locals become more disciplined in guarding their poultry,” he said.

Takmung’s “AI quick response village” award ceremony had
also featured plays by school children, traditional dance and comedy
performances which all emphasized the importance of AI early detection and
prevention.

Three other villages were also declared AI quick response
towns, Beraban village in Tabanan regency, Sedang village in Badung regency and
Banyubiru village in Jembrana regency.

Mahardika said Beraban was chosen after two people died
from AI in the village, while Sedang, Takmung and Banyubiru were known as
poultry trading centers.

CREATE Bali branch and the National Committee on Avian
Influenza, with support from the government of Canada and UNICEF, had conducted
a series of workshops on AI detection and prevention targeting the villagers of
Takmung since February this year.

Included in the workshop was training for locals to inject
medication in poultry with bird flu symptoms. Mahardika said the training was
aimed at establishing a pool of experienced medical volunteers that would be
able to assist in an emergency.

 

THERE are more than 1.6 billion Muslims out there in need
of certified halal food. With around 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide this global
market is worth some US$600 billion with growth of 20%-30% annually.

Being the perennial loser that Indonesia is, a highly pessimistic
scenario where we contribute a mere 1 percent to this market, we would still
stand to gain US$6 billion.

Halal-certified food production should not be limited to
Muslims, following the strict dietary law to take advantage of the relatively
untapped market.

Being a Buddhist country does not prevent Thailand, for
example, promoting halal food. Under its 2003 budget, the Thai government
provided a grant for the establishment of the then Central Laboratory and
Scientific Information for Halal Food Development at Chulalongkorn
University, Bangkok.

This center serves as the hub for Thailand’s
halal science network. Currently named the Halal Science Center of
Chulalongkorn University, the center works in cooperation with more than 10
laboratories based in other universities and institutions across Thailand.

Multinational food producers have taken advantage of halal
certification, producing certified food in central locations and distributing
it to other countries in the region. Nestle for example, has chosen Malaysia as its
center of excellence for producing halal food.

With such examples including non-Muslim countries making
investments and then reaping rewards from the halal food market, Indonesia needs
to concentrate on this lucrative business.

We should not waste time debating whether the halal label
is necessary or not. Currently, there is no widely accepted standard and each
country stands by its own certification. Products certified halal in one
country may not necessarily be deemed halal elsewhere.

Indonesian poultry for example cannot be exported to Brunei
Darussalam since authorities there demand their own certification.

Conversely, when Indonesia
plans to import meat from Argentina,
Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) send a team there to check the process even
though the meat is certified halal by Argentinean authorities.

A unified standard would remove these hassles and ensure a
free flow of halal food and products, in this era of globalization and free
trade. It requires better cooperation between agencies such as food-related
academic institutions and testing agencies. The main aim is to set a universal
halal standard.

Sukses Kampanye gizi Japfa

20 August, 2008 Uncategorized No comments

www.poultryindonesia.com. Kampanye gizi Japfa selama semester
awal tahun 2008 telah menjangkau 4.598 siswa dan 265 guru SDN di beberapa
lokasi di Indonesia.

Beberapa
daerah yang telah disambangi antara lain : Sidoarjo –Jawa Timur, Banda Aceh
–Nanggro Aceh Darussalam, Bantul –Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Makassar
–Sulawesi Selatan, Lampung Timur –Lampung, Lampung Tengah –Lampung, Probolinggo
–Jawa Timur, Maros –Sulawesi Selatan.

Melalui program
kampanye gizi bertajuk 4 Sehat 5
Sempurna Tingkatkan Gizi Anak Indonesia ini, Japfa memberikan bantuan paket
JAPFA4Kids yang terdiri dari satu butir telur, tiga susu bantal Real Good, dan
dua bungkus sosis siap makan Sozzis kepada siswa. Selain itu, siswa diikutkan
dalam kegiatan pemeriksaan kesehatan dan gigi. Sementara bagi guru, Japfa
mengadakan pelatihan 5 S (Seiri/pilah, Seiton/tata, Seiso/bersihkan, Seiketsu/mantapkan,
Shitsuke/biasakan).

Menurut Vice
President Public Relations PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk., R. Artsanti Alif, dengan
adanya pemeriksaan kesehatan ini diharapkan kondisi kesehatan anak-anak dapat
terpantau sejak dini. Selain itu, diharapkan upaya ini dapat membantu
meningkatkan gizi murid-murid sekaligus meningkatkan kesadaran pentingnya gizi.
Sementara pelatihan 5S bagi guru dimaksudkan agar para guru dapat lebih seksama
mengelola kegiatan sekolah sehingga kegiatan belajar lebih menyenangkan. “Melalui
pemahaman terhadap aspek-aspek 5 S, diharapkan penataan dan pengelolaan sekolah
akan menjadi lebih tertib, bersih dan lebih sehat, sehingga dapat membantu
meningkatkan kualitas belajar,” tegas Artsanti. Krm

Ralat Majalah Poultry Indonesia Edisi Agustus 2008

13 August, 2008 Uncategorized No comments

www.poultryindonesia.com. Pada rubrik Laporan Utama majalah Poultry Indonesia Edisi Agustus 2008 halaman 14 kolom ketiga paragraf keempat kalimat kedua terdapat kesalahan tulisan.  “Bulan Juni lalu, harga MBM mencapai US $ 625/ton, PMM US $ 700/ton, fish meal US $ 1200/ton, jagung mencapai US $ 765”. Seharusnya tertulis, “Bulan Juni lalu, harga MBM mencapai US $ 625/ton, PMM US $ 700/ton, fish meal US $ 1200/ton, harga jagung untuk landed cost mencapai US $ 365/ton (CNF US $ 340)”. Dengan demikian kesalahan telah diperbaiki. Redaksi

Memperbaiki Kinerja Sektor Peternakan

www.poultryindonesia.com. Merunut perjalanan bisnis perunggasan di Tanah Air, kita mencatat ada lima tahapan yang sudah dilalui untuk sampai kepada posisi dan kondisinya yang sekarang. Lima tahapan tersebut adalah: 1) tahap perintisan (1950-1961); 2) tahap landasan (1961-1971); 3) tahap pertumbuhan (1971-1981); 4) tahap konsolidasi (1981-1987), — untuk selanjutnya dipersiapkan memasuki tahapan yang kelima, yakni tahap ketangguhan. Itu artinya, menyusul selesainya tahap konsolidasi sejak 1987 mestinya bisnis perunggasan di sini dengan dukungan struktur industrinya yang lengkap (industri hulu, budidaya, industri hilir) sudah “melenggang” memasuki tahapannya yang kelima yakni tahap ketangguhan. Menurut rumusan Lokakarya Perunggasan Nasional (Logasnas) yang berlangsung di Jakarta tahun 1987, ketangguhan perunggasan adalah kondisi di mana seluruh mata rantai sistem perunggasan berfungsi efektif, saling mengisi dan menunjang tercapainya kelayakan ekonomi usaha, disertai risiko yang sekecil-kecilnya. Salah satu ciri dicapainya tahap ketangguhan ini adalah kemampuan industri perunggasan memanfaatkan sumberdaya alam, modal, teknologi dan tenaga secara optimal.

Sekarang, 20 tahun sudah berlalu sejak tahap ketangguhan perunggasan dipersiapkan seraya waktu demi waktu diperjuangkan untuk mencapai keberhasilan. Lalu, sudahkah perunggasan Indonesia tangguh? Jawabannya: masih jauh panggang dari api! Bukan saja belum tangguh, perunggasan kita bahkan terus dililit berbagai kendala pada seluruh lini kegiatannya. Ya, bisnis perunggasan di sini masih berjalan tertatih-tatih, untuk sewaktu-waktu — manakala tidak segera ditangani dengan sungguh-sungguh — dapat mengalami kebangkrutan. Lihat saja potret buram wajah perunggasan kita dua bulan terakhir ini. Sepanjang bulan Juni lalu, misalnya, kisruh muncul dipicu krisis bahan baku pakan yang dihadapi industri pakan ternak. Sumbernya sangat remeh temeh dan nyaris tak masuk akal: pemerintah terlambat menerbitkan SPP (surat perintah pemasukan) bahan baku pakan impor, sehingga 700 kontainer meat bone meal/MBM dan bahan baku pakan lain lebih satu bulan tertahan di pelabuhan. Dampak dari keteledoran birokrasi ini cukup nyata, yakni naiknya harga pakan unggas mendekati Rp. 5.000/kg, menyusul kesulitan produsen pakan memperoleh bahan baku ditambah risiko ekonomi biaya tinggi yang harus mereka pikul.
Tidak berhenti di sini, memasuki bulan Juli kisruh kembali muncul dipicu keluarnya Surat Keputusan Dirjen Peternakan No. 01004/HK.304/F/07/2008 tentang penghentian sementara pemasukan unggas dan bahan asal unggas dari Amerika Serikat. Tak ayal  pelaku bisnis perunggasan langsung meradang. Masuk akal, karena kebijakan ini akan menghadapkan mereka kepada masa sulit untuk pengadaan bibit ayam dan bahan baku pakan. Kebijakan tersebut diambil, konon, menyusul laporan pemerintah AS kepada OIE terkait kejadian wabah low pathogenic avian influenza di Arkansas, Washington. Seperti diketahui, Indonesia masih mengimpor hampir satu juta ayam indukan dari AS untuk memroduksi DOC di dalam negeri. Tidak sekadar meradang, pelaku bisnis perunggasan juga mendesak pemerintah memberikan penjelasan dan pada urutannya mengambil langkah yang diperlukan agar kemelut yang akan berdampak merugikan sektor perunggasan ini tidak berlarut-larut. Bahwa desakan masyarakat perunggasan ini didengar, terlihat dari diterbitkannya Surat Keputusan Dirjen Peternakan No. 11034/2008 yang mengizinkan kembali pemasukan unggas dari AS. Nah, meskipun tentunya melegakan, kasus revisi kebijakan yang berlaku paling singkat ini haruslah menjadi pelajaran untuk lebih cermat dan berhati-hati dalam menerbitkan suatu keputusan, agar dampaknya tidak merugikan kepentingan masyarakat, — terlebih terkait dengan kepentingan yang bersifat strategis.

Menjadilah jelas bahwa sekalipun industri perunggasan kerap disebut sebagai sumber pertumbuhan baru di sektor pertanian, ia belum lagi sumber pertumbuhan baru yang dikelola dan difasilitasi kepentingannya dengan sungguh-sungguh oleh pemerintah, — terbukti dengan berbagai kendala yang masih memasung perkembangan sektor produktif ini. Masih tingginya ketergantungan terhadap sarana produksi yang harus diimpor, adanya hambatan-hambatan dari sisi regulasi yang mengakibatkan ekonomi biaya tinggi, merupakan sandungan-sandungan yang mengganjal perunggasan mencapai tahap ketangguhan. Ini semua, secara berantai akan menghambat perkembangan usaha terutama  di sisi budidaya, untuk berlanjut terhambatnya peningkatan produksi hasil-hasil perunggasan (telur dan daging ayam), bermuara pada menurunnya ketersediaan (suplai) pangan hewani yang sangat dibutuhkan masyarakat ini.
Sampai ke tahap menurunnya ketersediaan pangan asal hewan ini, kesiagaan untuk mengatasi seyogianya harus menjadi perhatian kita semua. Soalnya, merujuk sinyalemen Ketua Umum Perhimpunan Peternak Sapi Kerbau Indonesia (PPSKI), populasi sapi potong di Indonesia terus mengalami penurunan. Ini dapat dilihat selain dari terus meningkatnya impor sapi bakalan dari Australia dan Selandia Baru, juga melonjaknya impor daging dan jeroan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan konsumsi di dalam negeri. Disebutkan, impor sapi bakalan meningkat dari 400.000 ekor menjadi 500.000 ekor, sementara impor daging dan jeroan melonjak dari 50.000 ton menjadi 64.000 ton. Untuk pangan hewani yang lain, susu, produksi dalam negeri baru mencukupi 25% dari kebutuhan. Catatannya di sini, dari total kebutuhan 5 juta liter/tahun baru dipenuhi 1,2 juta liter dari produksi dalam negeri, sehingga masih harus diimpor 3,8 juta liter lagi, — di mana untuk memroduksi 3,8 juta liter susu ini diperlukan 211.000 ekor sapi perah.
Melihat catatan di atas, segera muncul di hadapan kita tantangan besar untuk mendapatkan jawaban. Yaitu tantangan, di satu pihak meningkatkan kinerja bidang peternakan melalui pembangunan terprogram dengan arah meningkatkan produktivitas usaha peternakan menuju terwujudnya swasembada dalam pemenuhan hasil-hasil peternakan. Di pihak lain, suksesnya pembangunan peternakan akan meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat untuk pada urutannya meningkatkan konsumsi pangan hewani, — sebagai landasan terciptanya SDM yang berkualitas (sehat, cerdas, produktif). Ini semua merupakan modal utama untuk mengisi kemerdekaan, yang pada tanggal 17 Agustus ini akan mengantar kita memasuki tahun ke 63 sebagai bangsa yang merdeka. Mari kita bangun peternakan kita. Dirgahayu Republik Indonesia!