Majalah Poultry Indonesia Edisi Cetak Oktober 2009

8 October, 2009 Uncategorized No comments

Bahkan sikap menjemput bola dari para peternak
sendiri yang proaktif menghadiri forum seminar dan pameran internasional di
dalam negeri maupun luar negeri menjadi ‘oksigen’ yang menyegarkan industri
perunggasan Indonesia.

Dalam bidang veteriner atau dunia kesehatan hewan,
teknologi yang diterapkan untuk membuat obat, vaksin, vitamin, termasuk pabrik
dan laboratoriumnya, juga berkembang dengan pesat. Laporan Utama majalah
Poultry Indonesia edisi Oktober ini, mengungkapkan teknologi veteriner yang
juga mengalami kemajuan pesat. Dalam hal vaksin dan vaksinasi – misalnya, pola
vaksinasi yang selama yang selama ini dilakukan dalam proses budidaya di
kandang dan diberikan dua kali, saat ini telah mampu dilakukan vaksinasi pada
saat di hatchery (telur tetas). Vaksinasi pada saat di hatchery sangatlah
menguntungkan bagi peternak karena mengurangi handling dalam memberikan vaksin
yang nantinya berdampak pada berkurangnya tingkat stres yang dialami oleh

Selain itu, penerapan laboratorium BSL 3 (Biosafety
level 3) tampaknya sudah menjadi keharusan bagi pelaku industri veteriner yang
ingin mengembangkan vaksin. Uji tantang terhadap vaksin AI (Avian Influenza/flu
burung) yang tercipta harus dilakukan pengujian di dalam laboratorium ini.
Penggunaan single vaksin (polivalen) dan vaksin rekombinan juga telah
diterapkan oleh industri obat hewan dan vaksin.

Rubrik Peristiwa kali ini, di samping memuat
aktivitas seputar perunggasan, juga memuat kegiatan bakti sosial dari pelaku
agribisnis perunggasan yang menyalurkan bantuan kepada korban gempa bumi 2
September 2009 baru lalu. Rupanya, pergeseran lempeng di sekitar Selat Sunda,
menelan sejumlah korban jiwa  dan
bangunan fisik yang tidak sedikit. Bantuan diberikan oleh PT. Malindo Feedmill,
Tbk., PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia dan Kerukunan Perunggasan Priangan Timur
untuk korban gempa yang berada di Tasikmalaya, Bandung dan Cianjur.

Masih suasana Idul Fitri 1 Syawal 1430 H, kami
segenap awak Poultry Indonesia mengucapkan Minal Aidin Wal Faizin, Mohon Maaf
Lahir dan Batin kepada para pembaca yang budiman. Salam!



Poultry Indonesia Magazine Printing Edition Oktober 2009

8 October, 2009 Uncategorized No comments  INDONESIA’s government lifted a five-year ban on imported
beef from Brazil after Indonesian inspectors cleared slaughterhouses in the
country as free from foot and mouth disease, the Jakarta Globe daily quoted an
official at the Ministry of Agriculture as saying last month. "We
already have approved five slaughterhouses in Brazil
and given them licenses to supply imported beef to Indonesia," said Tjeppy
Sudjana, the ministry’s director general of livestock.

Tjeppy said that importers could only ship beef from the selected abattoirs in Brazil.
The slaughterhouses are located in Brazilian states of Sao
Paulo, Goias, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para
and Rondoia.

stressed that the government had set quotas for importers to send beef from Brazil, saying
that the amount depended on the importers. "It depends on traders’
calculations. If they want to import more beef, then we’ll grant them a license
to do so," he said.

In other case, in regard of the similar trade issue, Junior Agriculture
Minister and Clare T.D., Mr. Tony Killeen has warmly welcomed the Indonesian
Government’s decision to lift its 8-year-old ban on the importation of Irish

The country
imposed the ban for BSE-related reasons in 2001. The market is being re-opened
under the conditions recommended by the Indonesian experts who visited Ireland last
June. These include a requirement that the meat originate from cattle under 48
months of age. Initially access is being limited to those four plants that were
inspected in June but the possibility of approving other plants, following
similar inspection, remains open.

According to Minister of State Killeen, “The re-opening of this valuable market
reflects intensive efforts by government at political, diplomatic and technical
level. Prior to the ban exports of Irish beef to Indonesia exceeded 24,000 tonnes,
valued at in excess of EUR 28.5 million.”

This development represents another significant breakthrough in regaining
markets closed because of BSE and added that it will provide a welcome
additional outlet for Irish beef on the world market. The Department of
Agriculture, Fisheries and Food will continue to work with An Bord Bia and the
Department of Foreign Affairs to develop new overseas opportunities for Irish
beef exporters,” he added.

CENTRAL Jakarta Animal
Husbandry and Fisheries Office raided 16 chicken slaughterhouses and
exterminated 400 fowl that were killed en route to the slaughterhouse.

Office head Djaelani said the raid was intended to
prevent the distribution of poultry that according to the agency, did not meet
health standards. "We have increased our monitoring in order to prevent
irresponsible people seeking easy profit by selling unhealthy poultry," he

Citing, the Jakarta Post reports that Djaelani
said that in most cases, the chickens died after being squashed on the way to
slaughterhouses from areas such as Banten, Tangerang and Central
Java. "So, they die not from illness, but because of fatigue
or being squashed on the way," he said.

The agency said such chickens were pale, smelled fishy,
and had lots of blood on their heads and necks.

The chickens are usually sold at cheaper prices.
"The public should be cautious and not easily tricked by cheap poultry
meat, because it is likely the meat is unhealthy," he said.

THE Jakarta administration
warned the public to be careful when purchasing poultry meat after an
inspection in the Kebayoran Lama and Cipulir markets last month turned up
chickens laced with formaldehyde.

A joint task force of the South Jakarta Police and South
Jakarta office in charge of veterinary and fisheries found 92
carcasses of chickens that had died from reasons other than routine slaughter,
as well as water-pumped chickens and poultry preserved in formaldehyde.

Police also seized three hand pumps, several syringes and two jerrycans of
formaldehyde during the inspection. “The officers also took four poultry
vendors into custody,” said Jakarta Police spokesperson Chief Comr. Chrysnanda
Dwi Laksana.

Chrysnanda said the raid was based on a tip from the public indicating tainted
chickens were being sold in the two markets. He said police had then conducted
surveillance of the markets for several days. “Once it was confirmed that there
were people selling formaldehyde-preserved meat, the joint forces went into
action immediately and raided the poultry holding area and slaughtering
facility,” Chrysnanda said.

During the raid, led by Haidir Effendi, head of the veterinary and fisheries
sub-office, a number of chicken vendors were caught injecting water into a row
of butchered and dressed chickens. They were also found using air pumps to boost
the size of the poultry.

Haidir said water-injected chicken has taut, firm meat that is paler than
usual, and also has enlarged blood vessels and decomposes quickly. He said
chickens that had died from disease or other reasons than slaughter have
reddish veins and decay faster than usual. Chickens preserved in formaldehyde
do not attract flies and the skin is pliant and unusually shiny, Haidir said.

INFLUENZA A (H1N1) virus has been detected in pigs imported
into Singapore from Indonesia’s Pulau Bulan, Singapore’s
only source of live pigs.
Twelve pigs have been confirmed to have the virus, which
causes infections in humans too, the Straits Times reported.

But Singapore’s
Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) has given the assurance that there is
no risk of people catching the virus from eating pork as H1N1 is not
transmitted from handling meat.
Eight of the pigs are on the farm and have been isolated.
The other four were sent to Singapore’s
only abattoir in Jurong, and slaughtered and sold.

It is not yet known how the pigs contracted the virus,
though pigs in Australia and
have caught it through human handlers.

Tan Poh Hong, AVA’s chief executive officer, said the
government agency has stepped up monitoring and inspection procedures.
Inspections of the farm, which houses about 230,000 pigs at any time, are now
done weekly instead of monthly. AVA also tests 60 pre-export samples a week
now, instead of 15.

At the abattoir, about 100 samples are extracted from
organs and meat every day for testing, up from 30. Workers wear protective gear
such as face masks, aprons and gloves.

"We will continue to put measures in place to make sure
only healthy pigs are brought into Singapore,” said Tan. “I would like
to emphasize that pork available in Singapore is safe for consumption.”
Her assurance comes as pork sellers, told of the news,
expressed concern that sales would fall.

There is no evidence that eating pork products poses an
infection risk, said the World Health Organisation (WHO), a view shared by
other experts. Dr Alex Thiermann, special adviser to the director-general of
the World Organisation for Animal Health, said that H1N1 is not found in the
bloodstream or meat of the pig, but only in respiratory secretions. “The risk from
eating pork is negligible,” he said.

About 1,000 live pigs are shipped from Pulau Bulan, in the
Riau Islands,
to Singapore
daily, and then transferred to the abattoir. Live pigs make up 21 percent of
pork consumed in Singapore.
The rest comes chilled or frozen from overseas.

Fresh pork over frozen is still the preferred choice for
many Singaporean consumers. One consumer said, “When you cook it the virus will
die. Anyway, H1N1 is mild.”
In the meantime, however, supermarket chain Shop N Save
has recalled Indonesian pork from its shelves and replaced it with Australian

For further information please read Poultry

Poultry Indonesia Magazine Printing Edition September 2009

10 September, 2009 Uncategorized No comments
THE bird flu laboratory in Subang, West Java, is targeted to become a reference
laboratory in Southeast Asia. “This laboratory
is the best in Indonesia,
even in Southeast Asia, with international
standards,” said Agriculture Minister, Anton Apriantono in Subang, last month.

building of the laboratory cost 1.7 billion Japanese yen and will also be used
to test other diseases caused by animals including swine flu. It is located in Werasari Village, Dangdeur District in Subang.
The funding for this laboratory came from the Japanese community.
For now, the laboratory is being used for veterinary studies and examinations,
and is controlled by a masters degree chemical studies graduate who is assisted
by 16 veterinarians and paramedics.

Livestock Director General of Agriculture Department, Tjeppy D. Soejana, said
it was planned to have 50 more members of staff in the near future.

INDIA’s rice bran oil producers, A.P. Solvex Limited and
Sethia Oils Limited plan to build a factory to produce that commodity in Indonesia.

The two companies want to build a processing and refining plant with a
production capacity of 600 tons per day to cost 300 million rupee (US$6.34

Chairperson and managing director of A.P.Solvex A.R. Sharma said so far rice
bran has been used mainly for animal feed in Indonesia. Rice bran oil contains
vitamins, antioxidant and nutrients good for human consumption, Sharma was
quoted as saying by the newspaper Bisnis Indonesia.

government has guaranteed that stocks of basic necessaries are enough for the
fasting month which this year started on Saturday, August 22, 2009.

"We had enough stocks of basic necessaries and good distribution of the
commodities in the run up to the fasting month of Ramadhan," Bayu
Krisnamurthi, deputy to the chief economic minister, said. Stocks, distribution
and prices of certain basic necessaries such as cooking oil, sugar, rice and
other commodities are relatively secure. The price of sugar, however, is
showing an upward trend. "With regard to basic necessaries, we will
continue to monitor them, including their prices and distribution or their importation,"
Krisnamurthi said.

The rice stock at Jakarta`s Cipinang Main Rice Market or PIBC is deemed
sufficient to be supplied to consumers in Jakarta for the fasting month. The
rice stock at the PIBC, built up with supplies from rice producing regions.

In the
meantime, Trade Minister Mari Elka Pangestu said the government will not launch
a market operation during the fasting month to keep down the prices of basic necessaries.
"No market operation will be launched. But it is true we will organize
bazaars in coordination with all regions," she said. If there is a surge
in the prices of basic necessaries prior to the post-fasting month festivities,
the ministry would soon check whether it is caused by declining stocks or poor
distribution. "If the prices soar because of traders’ speculations we must
take measures against them. And if the surge in the prices of basic necessaries
is caused by poor distribution we must take other steps," she said.

Normally, producers of basic necessaries increased their stocks by 20 percent
or even more during the fasting month of Ramadhan. The prices of basic
necessaries such as cooking oil, wheat flour, and sugar have increased ahead of
the fasting month.

Based on data from the Cooperatives and Trade Service, Jakarta has about 105,000 tons of cooking oil
stocks, 120,000 tons of rice, 55,000 tons of eggs, 65,000 tons of sugar, 35,000
tons of meat and 275,000 – 300,000 tons of vegetables.

For futher information
please read Poultry Indonesia


Majalah Poultry Indonesia Edisi Cetak September 2009

10 September, 2009 Uncategorized No comments Berbicara jagung untuk
urusan pakan ternak diperlukan stamina yang luar biasa kuat, nafas panjang dan
kesabaran yang tanpa batas. Pertama angka produksi yang dikeluarkan pemerintah
tidak pernah klop dengan fakta di lapangan.

Sejak produksi pakan ternak 4-5 juta ton pada
beberapa tahun silam sampai 7-8 juta ton dalam satu-dua tahun terakhir ini,
produksi jagung nasional dilaporkan Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) dari 9-10 juta
ton hingga 14-15 juta ton pada satu-dua tahun terakhir ini.

Impor jagung untuk pakan ternak tertinggi pernah
mencapai 1,6 juta ton, kemudian turun sekitar 1 juta ton,  terus turun dalam kisaran ratusan ribu ton,
kemudian naik sedikit sekitar 500.000 ton. Jadi bisa dipastikan, kalau realitas
produksi jagung nasional benar seperti angka yang ditulis BPS, tidak akan
terjadi impor jagung. Seberapa banyak sih jagung yang dimakan oleh penduduk

Hal berikutnya yang harus diperhatikan adalah sikap pemerintah
yang  menggantung terhadap benih jagung, Pemakaian
benih jagung hibrida sudah jelas seiring peningkatan produksi nasional,  Namun untuk sejumlah daerah yang kurang air,
keasamannya tinggi, diperlukan benih jagung yang lebih ‘sakti’ dan spesifik lagi.
Benih jagung yang spsifik ini disebut transgenik. Tapi pemerintah, dalam hal
ini Departemen Pertanian belum mengijinkan benih transgenik beredar dengan
alasan menunggu keputusan  Komisi
Keamanan Hayati. Apa dan Siapakah Komisi Keamanan Hayati?

Lembaga ini dibentuk pada 1999 berdasarkan Surat
Keputusan Bersama (SKB) 4 Menteri : Pertanian, Kehutanan dan Perkebunan, Pangan
dan Hortikultura, Kesehatan. Dengan tujuan memberikan perlindungan produk
pangan terhadap hasil pertanian transgenik, maka lembaga ini memang sengaja
dibentuk untuk ‘menghadang’ hasil pertanian transgenik.

Pertanyaan yang muncul, seberapa mengerikan-kah hasil
pertanian transgenik sehingga melahirkan keputusan 4 Menteri untuk
menghadangnya? Memang pada awal 90-an hasil pertanian transgeik dibahas
selayaknya momok bagi kehidupan manusia, diperparah oleh suara-suara Lembaga
Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM), hasil pertanian transgenik sungguh sangat mengerikan
seakan mengancam kehidupan manusia. Padahal lebih dari 10 tahun kita impor
kedelai untuk industri tahu-tempe, dan kedelai-kedelai itu berasal dari AS yang
dihasilkan dari benih-benih transgenik.

Benih transgenik adalah benih-benih unggul yang
diberi perlakuan khusus dengan rekayasa genetik, teknologi kultur jaringan,
agar benih tersebut unggul untuk kondisi tertentu; tahan terhadap hama
tertentu, tumbuh baik pada tanah dengan keasaman tertentu, tahan terhadap lahan
kering, dan lain sebagainya.

Saking tidak tahan terhadap lambannya Deptan dan
Komisi Keamanan Hayati,  pada Juli 2009
lalu Gubernur Provinsi Gorontalo, Fadel Muhammad meminta izin Presiden Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono untuk mengembangkan jagung transgenik di provinsinya.
Permintaan itu disampaikan sebagai upaya meningkatkan produktivitas komoditas
jagung.  Peningkatan produktivitas, bagi
Fadel, harus dilakukan dengan menggunakan benih transgenik yang mampu
memanfaatkan lahan-lahan masam dan lahan-lahan kering yang di Indonesia
tersedia dalam jumlah banyak.

Benih transgenik dibutuhkan untuk mampu menghadapi
cekaman abiotik, resisten hama dan penyakit, tahan terhadap bahan-bahan kimia
tertentu serta produktivitasnya juga tinggi. Saat ini, lanjut Fadel, Gorontalo
sudah menyiapkan lahan sekitar 10.000 hektar untuk menanam jagung transgenik.

Sebenarnya, Indonesia telah akrab dengan jagung
transgenik. Konsumen Indonesia telah bertahun-tahun mengonsumsi jagung
transgenik ketika komoditi masih diimpor dari AS. “Saya tidak mengerti mengapa
Deptan takut memberikan izin penggunaan benih transgenik,” ujar Fadel. Jadi menunggu apalagi, Deptan?